Corylus avellana: the common European Hazelnut
Possibly the most widely planted commercial truffle tree species, Hazelnuts are small, easy to grow trees known for producing truffles in as little as five years after planting and generally, to produce truffles somewhat earlier than oaks. They also produce excellent limited quantities of edible nuts that can be harvested along with the truffles from the same trees (see FAQ page). (USDA Zones 4-9)
Quercus ilex: Holly Oak
Among the best hosts for truffles, and particularly suitable for warmer climates such as the BC Lower Mainland, Gulf Islands and Southern Vancouver Island. Holly Oaks are beautiful evergreen live oaks common in Mediterranean Europe, and widely used to cultivate truffles in hotter regions such as Spain. This tree is not cold hardy and not suitable for colder regions of Canada. (USDA Zones 7-11) There is currently no source for Quercus ilex seeds in Canada, and as such threes trees have the potential to produce a secondary crop of seed, in addition to truffles.
Quercus robur: English Oak
An excellent host for truffles, both in natural forests and in plantations. English Oaks are large, attractive, deciduous trees used widely and successfully in Australia and New Zealand as hosts for black and Burgundy truffles. English oaks are good host trees for areas with colder winters (USDA Zones 5-8), and are the principal host species for Burgundy truffles. There is currently no source for Quercus rober seeds in Canada, and as such threes trees also have the potential to produce a secondary crop of seed, in addition to truffles.
For more information on USDA Climate Zones please visit our Climate page.
TruffiCulture is an industry leader in Canada and participates fully in research programs in cooperation with the Truffle Association of BC, the University of BC and others. We maintain contacts in order to share and take advantage of responsible and respectable members of the industry whose interests lie, above and beyond commercial production, in the preservation of the various Truffle species in the face of a variety of climactic and other challenges. We ensure that our trees are independently inspected and certified by laboratories qualified to provide conclusive certainty regarding our products. Due to the potential financial yields of truffle harvests, one can expect imitators and charlatans. It is up to the buyer to ensure that they know what they are buying and to ask the right questions about sources of and certification of inoculums used, and the degree of colonization of root tips. We strongly encourage serious truffle growers to do their due diligence when selecting a tree supplier, and to understand the factors involved in introducing a foreign species, in competition with naturally occurring fungi. For more information please contact the Truffle Association of BC, or call us and we can provide guidance.